Bleeding Gums: Learn the Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

If you are wondering what is causing your child’s bleeding gums, take him or her to the dentist immediately for a dental exam. The most common cause of bleeding gums is gum disease (gingivitis), and the sooner your child receives treatment, the better off their dental health will be in the long run.

What is the Cause of Bleeding Gums?

Gingivitis (also called gum disease or periodontal disease) is caused by plaque-forming bacteria in the mouth. Plaque creates a sticky film on teeth that can be prevented with regular brushing, flossing, and visits to the dentist. 

Without proper dental hygiene, plaque can harden into tartar—a buildup of plaque that can only be removed with a professional dental cleaning. Tartar buildup is what eventually leads to gum disease. 

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Gums that are swollen and red
  • Bad breath
  • Painful chewing
  • Teeth that are sensitive to hot and cold
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

Treatment for Bleeding Gums Caused by Gingivitis

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, “The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease.”

The most effective treatment for gum disease is a process called scaling and root planing, which consists of scraping tartar from above and below the gum line.

Remember that no matter what type of treatment you and your child’s dentist decide on, keeping up good daily hygiene at home is key to preventing gum disease. With good dental hygiene, you can avoid the disease or prevent it from getting worse. 

Why Kool Smiles?

The longer your child waits to see a dentist, the worse his or her gum disease will become. Kool Smiles is a great option for parents who are looking for a dentist for their child. Why?

  • We are one of the few dentist offices that accept Medicaid
  • We also accept TRICARE, most state-specific insurance providers, and most major private insurance plans
  • Our offices are kid-friendly and feature waiting rooms with play areas and playgrounds
  • Our staff is made up of a network of general and pediatric dentists
  • We have over 120 locations throughout the United States
  • Almost all of our locations are open on Saturday

Schedule an Appointment with Kool Smiles Today

Still have questions about your child’s bleeding gums and other possible causes, symptoms, and treatment? We are happy to help. Call us today to speak to a team member or make an appointment. 



National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research:

Web MD: