Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, occurs when the supporting tissue around the teeth causes infection. The effects of gum disease range from minor gum swelling to serious damage of bone and tissue in the mouth, resulting in tooth loss.
If your child has gum disease, take him or her to a dentist immediately for treatment.
Gum disease begins with plaque, which turns into tartar if it is not removed with proper brushing and flossing. Once plaque turns into tartar, it cannot be removed by brushing and requires the care of a dentist. A child with untreated gum disease is at risk of developing gingivitis or periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a severe gum disease in which the gums pull away from the teeth, creating spaces that become filled with infection. Out of defense, the body’s immune system begins to attack itself, breaking down the bone and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. If not treated immediately, the teeth’s bones, tissue and gums are destroyed.
There are several factors that put children at risk of developing gum disease:
There are several signs and symptoms of gum disease, including:
There are several ways to treat gum disease, including:
There are several ways to prevent gum disease, including:
It is possible to have gum disease and display none of the symptoms mentioned above. This is why dental visits are of extreme importance.
Kool Smiles—a network of dental practices that focuses on the treatment of children—strives to make going to the dentist a fun experience for your child. We are here to perform check-ups and cleanings and help you and your child learn about the power of proper tooth care.
Visit our website today and make an appointment to kick-start a future of healthy smiles.
American Dental Association: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/g/gum-disease
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm
Mouth Healthy: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/g/gum-disease
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